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Showing posts from April, 2014


Opening systems on the street or entrance foyer are the prime places for personalization. These are straight forward or direct declarationsas much as they are subtle identifications.
The DIRECT EXPRESSIONShighlight the building number, street name, postal distribution code, and name of the owner. They also show timings and conditions of visitations. Identifiers mark the status of the owner, as well as the nature and antiquity of the ownership. The occupier’s name, caste, educational qualifications, honours, nationality, titles, are marked over the door.
The identifying elements are in linguistic expressions like Quotes and couplets. These are often in ancient languages, or in forms which are incomprehensible to themselves or others. Names and indicators of Gods and saints not only reflect the religious affinity but also faith in specific groups. Display of forms, patterns, signs and symbols reveal the owner’s affiliation with secret communities.
The declarative elements announce the …


Clay products forming techniques are of three basic types Surfacing, Casting and Moulding.
Surfacing are mainly in the form of thin coatings. These are applied by Daubing -rubbing in a thin paste of clay, Brushing or Coating-applying or spraying very thin layer, Dipping -immersing a product in clay slurry,Painting -creating very thin lined patterns or area fill-ins.
Castings are made with forms for shaping. For centrifugal process single outer form is required, but for other methods a set of inner and outer moulds may be necessary. Removal of inner mould from enclosing shape is tricky, and may require multi unit moulds. Bricks are called table castbecause it requires a ring or edge frame over a flat surface. Casting can be done by extrusion through a shaped orifice.
Moulding is a process of shaping. Shaping the liquidised or pliable raw material with or without a shaping form called a mould. Other techniques include traditional hand-building methods such as rolling soft or hard slabs…


Basic raw materials used for clay products and surface finishes are either top-organic soil or virgin-non organic soil.
Top or organic soils have substantial amounts of organic matters, from the decomposition of vegetation and human, animals excrete. The presence of organic matters makes a soil light in weight and dark in colour. Organic soils usually show high workability and low shrinkage characteristics. When organic soils are found below an existing layer and are old, contain gallic acid and tannin in small proportions but sufficient to act as fungicide and mild insecticide.

Virgin or non organic soils have negligible amounts of organic matters, and so reflect the basic characteristic of the predominant constituent element present, i.e., lime, silica, or alumina. However, soils do take-on the personality of the other minerals present in it. Iron oxide as ferric and ferrous is the most important colourant. Other important colourants are quartz, kaolin, mica etc. Soils show a wide ra…


A building is a precious asset, acquired at a great expense of resources and effort. No one wants it to go waste so it gets reborn and put to different use. A building continues to be relevant for many different reasons. A building, if it has a form of architectural styling then it is continued as a relic. When it has commemorative connections, in appreciation of its past, the building becomes a monument. Buildings that need to be remembered are restored or preserved to retain their form, but often in complete absence of the original setting. A building that has substantially lost the form and has indistinct circumstantial connections can be enacted through re-imaging of its setting, like through Sound & light shows (son et lumiere) shows and such enactments at historical sites. Buildings are continued by Restorative as well as Enabling interventions. Repairs and maintenance schedules can restore parts, components and systems, provided the design is ‘open-ended’. However, holistic…


Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage. The era defining phrases such as Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Steel Age succinctly tell a story.
Technology is relevant on following counts ●         Materials ●         Conversion Processes ●         Deployment Design ●         Termination Processes
Technologies begin to be relevant, simultaneously on several of these counts. A challenge emerges on one of these counts, and the whole process gets a rethink. New materials have been conceived and devised because conversion processes demand the change, deployment design offers new opportunities, or the termination processes force a re-validation.
New materials emerge from technical up-gradation, development of new combinations, use of different processing methods, revolutionary deployment design and new concerns regarding cost-benefits, conservation, sustainability, disposal, recycling, etc. 

New Processes are…


Spatial distancing or separation is very important factor that determines the relationships we sustain in a Space. Other factors include our capacity of sensorial perception, psychological and biological needs. Hall (1959) has stipulated that spatial separationalso serves an expansive function. He made a study of the spatial relationsthat seem appropriate to various kinds of interactions. They vary with intimacy, and depend on the possibility of eye contact. They vary with the culture. One can easily distinguish strangers from friends in an airport lounge. Strangers will keep a distance, taking alternate seats wherever possible. Friends tend to form clots, and families even pile one on the top of another. Total strangers will comfortably seat themselves only inches apart if the seats are back to back, but friends and the members of the family never arrange themselves in this way. Eye contact invites interaction and so is sought to the degree that intimacy already exists. (Hall E. T. 1…