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Showing posts from May, 2014

MODULATION WITH BODY-BASED MEASURE SYSTEMS

Ancient measure systems were based on the human limb sizes and body’s capacities. These were function-related measures such as: foot size and walking, thumb and width, fingers and numbers, palm and holding capacity, head load or horse power and carrying capacity, etc.
In Indian context a weights series had a Maund made of 40 seers and each seer had 16 chhatanks. Monetary series had 1 Rupee consisting of 16 Annas and each anna had value of 4 paise. The Length series had a basic unit of Gaz which was as of 2 Hath, and each Hath was of 8 Girah or 24 Anguls. For example a 5 Gaz cloth was valued 12 rupees, it was difficult to calculate cost of 1 Hath length piece. In later period British unit Foot became common. A Foot was divisible to 12 inches, but the weight unit Pound (avoirdupois) was divisible to 16 ounces.
In a series of measure units, the sub units, though body related, were nearly independent. The interrelationships between sub units were simple, but enforced. Various measures’ ser…

AWNINGS

Awnings are sun and snow shading devices over openings like doors, windows and shop fronts. Awnings are also used for forming the entrance spaces. Awnings are made of flexible fabric or sheet material that can be rolled or folded when not required. Hard awnings are made from stiffer sheet materials and have rigid and permanent support system. Awnings with column or bracket supports are canopies. In India hard awnings are also called Chhajjas.

In ancient Egyptian and Syrian civilizations, awnings of woven mats were used for shading the market stalls. Roman poet Lucretius (50BC) describes ‘Linen-awning, stretched, over mighty theatres, gives forth at times, a cracking roar, when much 'tis beaten about, betwixt the poles and crossbeams. A Velarium covered the Colosseum in Rome. It provided both shade and slight protection from rain, although the main use of the Velarium was to create ventilation up-draft, creating circulation and a cool breeze. Velarium effectively shaded one-third …

MEASURING UP THE WATER

Water is everywhere on and in the earth. We experience water in three phases, Vapour, Liquid and Ice. The transition from one to another phase occurs well within our perception range. Water in all its three forms is a transparent matter, but we see it due to presence of air and other miscible as well immiscible matter in it.




If all of Earth's water that is in oceans, icecaps and glaciers, lakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmosphere were put into a ball then it would add up to about 1,386 million cubic kilometres (=ball of dia 1385 kilometres). All the water vapour in atmosphere if were to turn into liquid state, it can cover the Earth’s surface by just 25mm depth. The ‘residence’ time of a water molecule in the troposphere is about 9 to 10 days.
Water vapour is continuously generated by two processes, the evaporation of water and the sublimation of ice. The vapour is removed by condensation. Water on evaporation takes away some heat with it, causing evaporative cooling. Conversely wh…

ANCIENT DOORS

The Door has been an important element, after the Fire in instilling a sense of security against intruders and wild animals. A door is an elemental entity for controlling environment of the dwelling, in cold climates it keeps the warmth inside, in deserts the sand storms out, and in tropics provides protection against the rainwater. For family the door is a key factor for providing social privacy.
Just as the hearth was the focus of a family, the door denotes a domain, the home. The first doors were plain gaps with additional facility of a cover. A variety of covering materials like, hide, fabrics, woven matings, rubble heaps, sticks, wood logs and planks, metal casts, paper, grass and leaves, and stone slabs were used. These were dumped, heaped, hung or placed strategically. To hold the cover materials, stripes of hides, vines, ropes, animal guts, sticks, etc., were used. The door-covers were often stiffened at the edge to form a shutter. Such door-covers were rolled up or pushed asi…

LIST of BLOGS

LIST of BLOGS @ INTERIOR DESIGN ASSIST @ http://interiordesignassist.wordpress.com/
List of BLOGS till today May 8 2014 


1 INTERIOR SPACES as Settings for Tasks March 14 2014
2 INTERIOR DESIGN and the Locus March 15 2014
3 INTERIOR SPACES and INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS March 16 2014
4 EXTERIOR and INTERIOR SPACES March 17 2014
5 SPACE PLANNING -Developments March 18 2014
6 LONELINESS and Space Design March 19 2014
7 THE REALM OF BUILDINGS March 20 2014
8 WINDOW LOCATION and NATURAL LIGHTING March 21 2014
9 OPENINGS’ TREATMENT SYSTEMS : Design Considerations March 22 2014
10 SPACE PLANNING by Visual and Non-visual means March 23 2014
11 DECADENCE in BUILDINGS March 24 2014
12 QUALITY OF INDOOR AIR March 26 2014
13 HISTORICAL WALL FINISHES March 27 2014
14 PROCESS OF STANDARDIZATION March 28 2014
15 GRILLS and TRELLIS March 29 2014
16 EXPLOITING HUMAN RESOURCES March 30 2014

17 PROJECT REPORT or PROJECT PROFILE REPORT April 1 2014
18 SHEER FABRICS and CURTAINS April 2 2014
19 FORMING SURFACE FINISHES Ap…

SYSTEM OF MODULATION and PROPORTIONS

MODULATION and PROPORTIONS



It has been seen that certain Compositional Values or Patternspersist even through the scaling such as the reductions or enlargements. These compositional values, whatever scales or measures they may relate, are of pure numbers.

Compositions of pure numbers have a degree of order, called the System of Proportions. When the order occurs as a pervasive system, whole to the parts or parts to the whole, a System of Modulation occurs.
ASystem of Modulationinherently will have some kind of System of Proportion, but a System of Proportion may not have any apparent System of Modulation. A System of Modulation is an intellectual contribution to the composition, whereas most of the Proportion Systems defy such definition, and so seem intuitive.
According to the arithmetical definition, a Proportion is the equality of Ratios. A Proportionate Ratio manifests with numbers that have some contextual relationship, such as adjacent numbers in sequence, in a matrix or in multi …